Book-ending our day trip to Liechtenstein was a casual tour of St. Gallen.
The longer we are here the more we love exploring the small towns of Switzerland. Each town has its own flavor and feel. Each town and hamlet specializes in different architecture, music, foods, wines, and cheeses. (Cheese is more than just a food in Switzerland. It’s a way of life and therefore must be mentioned separately.)
A regular window outside some person’s house that features carvings representing the four corners of the known world: Europe, Asia, Africa, and America. The animals, the people, and the things in the background of the carvings are all things found on those continents.
Each Canton even speaks a slightly different dialect of Swiss German just to prove they are different/unique/superior to the other Cantons. And St. Gallen is no exception. Their official language is Swiss German, but they speak a particular Alemannic dialect, making communication extremely fun.
St. Gallen has found other ways of being unique and setting themselves apart. They have amazing art installations throughout the city.
The Stadtlounge area of St. Gallen. Blocks of the main city covered with that spongy playground material. The kids absolutely loved it! Even the street is red!
And there are these awesome globes above the street!
As you can see from this small sample, St. Gallen is a fun city to just wander around and see really interesting and wonderful things.
By this point in the trip the boys were rejecting typical Appenzell food and were demanding pizza and pasta. Mark and I still managed to eat fondue one night. E even joined us! I guess a boy can only eat pizza three day in a row before he wants something else.
Way back when we visited Dublin (stay with me, here) our tour guide to Newgrange told us that about 800 years ago the Irish sent out missionaries to Switzerland and they ended up settling in St. Gall, which became St. Gallen. And that was part of the reason why we decided to stay there.
Another reason we decided to go was peer pressure. Every time we told someone we were in Switzerland they would rave at us about the library in St. Gallen. The architecture! The mood! The style! The incredible books! All of it! You must go! As some of you know, I have librarian genes in my blood (thanks, Mom), and therefore feel compelled to visit libraries everywhere anyway. So, basically Mark was doomed to have to visit this library with me from the start.
The official name is the Abbey Library of St. Gall Abbey. The abbey and its library were founded by Saint Othmar in 719AD. He chose the spot where St. Gall had built his hermitage and named it after him. Now, here’s where we find the Irish in Switzerland. Saint Gall (or Gallen as he is now known) was one of 12 companions of Saint Columbanus during his mission from Ireland to Europe in 589AD.
A lot of the paintings and sculptures of St. Gall show him with or standing on a bear. I find that wonderfully symbolic of his religious successes in Switzerland as the the bear is a common theme in Swiss Canton flags and art.
The city dates its founding back to the establishment of the abbey, but it was officially called the town of St. Gall (and not the Abbey) in about 974 when the town wall was completed. In fact, the entire city was controlled by the monks and abbot until the 15th century when the city, and the ruling cloth weavers guild, were granted Imperial Free City status. (There is an entire economics and political science thesis in there somewhere.) It joined the Swiss Confederacy in 1451 and became a Canton of the Federation.
The library is simply gorgeous. It was designed by Peter Thumb between 1757-1767 in the Carolingian style. (I found it reminded me of the church we found in Schonenwerd, but this was more elaborate.)
We were also not allowed to take photos so these are images of a few post cards we purchased. You can find over 500 images of the medieval manuscripts of St. Gall at their website.
The library contains over 2100 original manuscripts. The audio tour does take the time to explain in an ever-so slightly snarky way that when the library was under threat from The Reformation they took an ornate astrological globe (shown in the lower left-hand corner of the picture) and many manuscripts to Zurich for safe keeping. When the danger passed and the Abbey asked for everything back the officials in Zurich acted completely shocked that the globe and manuscripts hadn’t been a gift. After decades of bickering a mediator finally got St. Gallen to accept the shaft and they were given a 100% accurate replica of their globe and the return of only some of the original manuscripts. (If you know that Zurich is also home to the FIFA headquarters this kind of thing shouldn’t surprise you.)
The archivists and librarians do a wonderful job of curating the manuscripts. All the cases you see in the pictures allow the visitors to see many of the medieval manuscripts, including the carved ivory tablets that had been presented to Charlemagne.
I was wandering around in the glory of the library, watching to make sure the boys didn’t attempt to open the cases and actually read the books, (there was a horrible moment when I saw H sitting in a chair drawing in a book that thankfully proved to be the visitor’s sign-in register) when I almost literally stumbled into a mummy. And honest-to-God Egyptian mummy from the 25th dynasty!
I backed into her case and almost screamed out loud when I turned around and saw a blackened, shriveled dead body. I was horrified and grossed out to learn that the bits of her linen shroud were cut away and given out as memento presents to people. Apparently these sorts of “curios” were common in libraries in the 19th century. Many, many libraries in Europe boast mummies, relics, and other taxidermied animals. It’s almost like visiting home. (I kid! I kid! My childhood home has cake! The Abbey Library frowns on cake.)
We left the library after about an hour of just looking around this one 20×50 foot room and started wandering around the church grounds. The abbey and church grounds are actually a huge chunk of the old city, really displaying how much influence the church had in the city and in Switzerland.
Outside the old city St. Gallen felt very modern and very much like a gritty, industrial city. Our hotel was comfortable and the walk was short, but the historic architecture stopped right outside the old town and modern buildings and art took over.
We spent only two half days in St. Gallen and that felt adequate. However, its location and access to the main train line makes it a perfect base camp for exploring the Appenzell region of Switzerland. Plus, the Abbey Library is absolutely a must-see. It is routinely listed in the top 5 most beautiful libraries in the world and is in the top 10 most important examples of Carolingian architecture in the world. I am so glad that we went!
It will be another week or two before we have another major adventure, but keep checking back for other stories and articles. I have quite a few in the works!